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Category Archives: Heart Care

WHAT IS BYPASS SURGERY AND WHO NEEDS IT

What is Bypass Surgery?

Coronary arteries supply the heart with oxygen and nutrients that are carried in the blood. There may be a blockage caused by deposits in the artery, narrowing it down and causing the blood flow to be reduced or terminated. Based on the damage the artery faces, Bypass surgery is performed to regulate the flow of blood back into the artery.

It is an open-heart grafting surgery in which the surgeons takes healthy blood vessels from some other part of the body and creates a bypass around the blockage. This allows the newly attached blood vessels to then resume carrying oxygen rich blood to the heart.

What causes the blockage?

Fatty deposits made up of cholesterol start getting deposited on the walls of the arteries, causing clots and reduced blood flow. This also results in a person feeling extreme chest pain or discomfort.

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WHAT TO EXPECT BEFORE, DURING AND AFTER ANGIOPLASTY

Angioplasty is a minimally invasive procedure to in which a small tube with a balloon at one end is inserted into the artery. The balloon causes the plaque, fatty deposits blocking the artery, to be pressed outward towards the walls of the artery, widening it enough to restore regular flow of the blood.

Things to keep in mind before an Angioplasty

It is usually required of the people about to go through an Angioplasty to first go for routine blood tests and electrocardiogram. Hearing aids, spectacles or similar aids should be carried along for ease of communication.

Any medication that has been consumed should be mentioned in advance.

At the same time, allergies to any of the following should be mentioned:

  • Shellfish
  • Iodine
  • X-ray dye
  • Latex or rubber products (such as rubber gloves or balloon)
  • Penicillin or similar medicines

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