What is Bypass Surgery?
Coronary arteries supply the heart with oxygen and nutrients that are carried in the blood. There may be a blockage caused by deposits in the artery, narrowing it down and causing the blood flow to be reduced or terminated. Based on the damage the artery faces, Bypass surgery is performed to regulate the flow of blood back into the artery.
It is an open-heart grafting surgery in which the surgeons takes healthy blood vessels from some other part of the body and creates a bypass around the blockage. This allows the newly attached blood vessels to then resume carrying oxygen rich blood to the heart.
What causes the blockage?
Fatty deposits made up of cholesterol start getting deposited on the walls of the arteries, causing clots and reduced blood flow. This also results in a person feeling extreme chest pain or discomfort.