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Category Archives: Aesthetic

What Are Different Cosmetic Surgery Procedures Done In India?

  Dr. P. K. TALWAR

The procedures of cosmetic surgery are mainly focused on enhancing a patient’s appearance. Improving aesthetic appeal, symmetry, and proportion are the key goals. Cosmetic surgery can be performed on all areas of the head, neck, and body.

Different cosmetic surgery procedures in India are :

1) Facelift: Is a cosmetic procedure that is performed to remove wrinkles, to remove excess skin from the face and provide a more youthful appearance. Tightening of the face is optional depending on its requirement.

2) Tummy Tuck: It is to perform to give the abdomen a tighter and leaner look. This surgery helps to flatten the tummy.

3) Liposuction: It targets a certain part of the body to remove fat and restore its original shape. Liposuction is performed on the certain areas of the body like calves, back, arms, abdomen, thighs, buttocks, chin, and neck.

4) Rhinoplasty: It changes the look of a person by making necessary adjustments and modifications in ones nose. It also helps in proper breathing as it helps in removing structural nasal defects as well.There are two procedures in which a rhinoplasty is performed. In an open rhinoplasty, the surgeon makes an incision on the cartilaginous tip of the nose known as columella to make modifications required whereas the closed rhinoplasty is performed with the help of an endoscope. No incisions are made in case of closed rhinoplasty.

5) Breast Augmentation: It is performed to restore the firmness and shape of the breast. It is executed with help of breast implants. Incisions are generally made inconspicuous as they are done under the breasts or near the armpits or near the nipple. The incision during breast implant also depends upon the kind of breast implant being used, the degree of breast enhancement to be done and your anatomy. The breast implant is inserted and positioned either under the pectoral muscle or directly behind the breast tissue. Incisions are finally closed by layered sutures or sutures.

6) Hair Transplantation: The cosmetic procedure of hair transplantation helps one to restore one’s hair growth and volume even after aging. Hair follicles are extracted from the donor site of the patient’s head. These grafts of hair follicles are resistant to balding which then, with minimal invasion, are transplanted to the bald scalp.

7) Body Lift: A body lift is a procedure that sculpts the patient’s body into a perfect form. It tones and tightens the skin, tissues, and muscles of various areas in the body to give a youthful look. The procedure of body lift involves circumferential incisions, especially to tighten and tone the lower body constituting of abdomen, waist, groin, thigh, and buttocks. The procedure gets rid of the excess fat and skin in the body. Body lift also involves other procedures to provide the perfect structure and contours to the body.

8) Eyelid Surgery : An eyelid surgery is performed to reduce the lump from the lower eyelids and excess skin and wrinkles on the upper eyelids. Incisions are made on the natural lines of the upper eyelids to separate the skin from the tissue beneath it. Excess fat and skin are removed and the incision is finally closed with very small sutures. For the inner eyelid, the cosmetic surgeon either makes the incision inside the lower eyelid or on the eyelash margins. The extra skin, loosened muscles and fat are then removed.

 Is one of the leading cosmetic and plastic surgeon in India. Since 1996 he has been running Cosmetic Laser Surgery Centre of India. He was also associated with the Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi (India) as a Senior Consultant, Cosmetic Surgeon. His clientele includes Top Models and Film Stars from neighbouring countries, Sport Stars and a lot of foreign tourists.

What are some common Dental Procedures?

Dental procedures are designed to clean, strengthen, and protect teeth against the rigors of daily use and (sometimes) abuse, and to repair damage when possible. Here are some of the most common dental procedures performed today by dental professionals.

Bonding

Applying composite tooth bonding is a restorative procedure that uses tooth enamel-colored composite resin (plastic) to repair teeth that are decayed, chipped, fractured or discolored. Tooth gaps can also be closed. Unlike veneers, which require laboratory work, bonding is done in the dental office.

Braces

A dental brace is a device used to correct the alignment of teeth and bite-related problems (including under bite, overbite, etc.). Braces straighten teeth by exerting steady pressure on the teeth.

Bridges and Implants

Bridges and implants are two ways to replace a missing tooth or teeth. Bridges are false teeth anchored in place by neighboring teeth. The bridge consists of two crowns on the anchoring teeth along with the false tooth in the center. Dental implants are artificial roots used to support replacement teeth.

Crowns and Caps

Crowns are dental restorations that protect damaged, cracked or broken teeth. Dental crowns often referred to as caps; sit over the entire part of the tooth that lies above the gum line.

Extractions

Although they are no longer handled without pain medication, teeth do still need to be extracted for various reasons. Simple extractions are usually handled by the dentist using a local anesthetic and are a quick, outpatient procedure. More complex extractions (sometimes including the common extraction of the wisdom teeth) may require the services of an oral surgeon and may even require general anesthesia and a brief hospital stay. The most common reasons for tooth extraction is trauma that has damaged a tooth beyond repair or decay that has not been treated early or effectively enough to save the tooth.

Dentures

Dentures are prosthetic devices replacing lost teeth. There are two types of dentures – partial and full. Full dentures are often referred to as “false teeth”.

Fillings and Repairs

Restorative materials are used to repair teeth, which have been compromised due to tooth decay (cavities) or trauma. Your dentist may use several methods to determine if you have tooth decay such as cavity detecting dye, x-rays and laser fluorescence cavity detection aids. Tooth trauma can be caused by cracked or broken teeth, teeth that are worn from unusual use such as nail biting, tooth grinding (bruxism)  and using your teeth to open things. Different materials can be used to repair teeth, the most common being composite fillings made from a tooth-colored resin which looks and feels like natural teeth. Ask your dentist what material is best for you and specific needs.

Gum Surgery

Periodontal or gum disease is an infection that affects the gums and jaw bone, which can lead to a loss of gum and teeth. There are two major stages — gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the milder and reversible form; the periodontal disease is often more severe. In some cases, gum surgery will be required to reverse the effect of the disease.

Oral Cancer Examination

Oral cancer starts in the cells of the mouth, tongue or throat. Oral cancer screening is usually a routine part of a dental examination. In this exam, your dentist will feel for lumps or irregular tissue changes in your neck, head, face, and inside your mouth. Your dentist will also look for sores or discolored tissue in your mouth.

Root Canals (endodontics)

Root canals treat diseases or abscessed teeth. Once a tooth is injured, cracked or decayed, it is necessary to open the tooth and clean out the infected tissue in the center. This space is then filled and the opening sealed.

Sealants

Dental sealants, usually applied to the chewing surface of teeth, act as a barrier against decay-causing bacteria. Most often, the sealants are applied to the back teeth, e.g., premolars and molars.

Teeth Whitening

Teeth naturally darken with age, however staining may be caused by various foods and beverages such as coffee, tea, and berries, some drugs such as tetracycline, smoking, or a trauma to a tooth. There are various teeth whitening options available, including in-office and at-home bleaching.

Veneers

Veneers are strong, thin pieces of ceramic or resin material that are bonded to the teeth. Veneers are used to repair chipped, decayed or stained teeth and may help in closing gaps between teeth.